by Paul Ducklin Microsoft just issued Security Advisory ADV200004, entitled Availability of updates for Microsoft software utilizing the Autodesk FB
Microsoft just issued Security Advisory ADV200004, entitled Availability of updates for Microsoft software utilizing the Autodesk FBX library.
At first glance, you might be inclined to read just the headline and skip on by because you don’t use FBX files or you don’t have any Autodesk software products.
We’ll be honest and admit we hadn’t even heard of FBX files until now, let alone created one – the abbreviation is short for Filmbox, and it’s a proprietary format owned by Autodesk that is used to save motion capture data along with audio and video streams.
Autodesk is probably still best-known for its AutoCAD computer aided drawing software, but it has a huge range of products for video rendering, game creation and more, where the FBX file format is right at home.
Well, Autodesk just published its own Security Advisory ADSK-SA-2000-0002, “Vulnerabilities in the Autodesk FBX Software Development Kit“.
This advisory announces fixes for six different security bugs denoted CVE-2020-7080 to CVE-2020-7085 consecutively.
Announced as they are at the same time, these vulnerabilities sound like the sort of multi-bug fix that sometimes emerges after a concerted burst of reviewing and testing existing code to improve it, and if so it sounds as though the review was both extensive and worthwhile.
These vulnerabilities are due to a range of different programming errors that often creep into code that handles complex data objects stored in a binary format, namely: buffer overflow, type confusion, use after free, integer overflow and null pointer dereference.
Well, here’s the thing: it seems that the Microsoft Office 2019 and Office 365 ProPlus products from Microsoft include support for FBX files – whether you use FBXes yourself or not – and that the code to process those files comes from Autodesk.
Therefore the latest versions of Office inherit these six CVE-tagged vulnerabilities from Autodesk, and five out of six of them are listed as allowing RCE, short for remote code execution.
Click to run
As you probably know, an RCE bug that is present when a vulnerable application processes a booby-trapped file often means that simply opening up or previewing that file could allow crooks to implant malware on your computer.
You typically won’t see any of the usual “do you want to download?” or “this file wants to run a program, are you sure?” warnings, so opening the file will not only feel innocent – as opening up a data file is supposed to be – but also appear innocent, too.
In other words, a crook could email you an FBX file – a file that isn’t a program and isn’t supposed to be a program – that puts you at risk of what Microsoft calls click to run.
A click-to-run bug isn’t quite as dangerous as a security hole that can be exploited remotely even when no one’s logged in, because you have to be tempted at least to look at the offending item.
But a click to run attack is much more dangerous than, say, a document file containing macros that have to be authorised as a second step after the document is opened.
And even if you think you’d never open an FBX file because it sounds unimportant or irrelevant, remember that:
- Crooks rarely send one phishing email at a time. Even if crooks aren’t directly targeting your company, their spam database probably contains multiple email entries for every company domain on the list anyway. The crooks don’t have to trick everyone – they can target anyone and win if they trick someone.
- Windows doesn’t show file extensions by default. A file called
fbxwill typically show up visually as
something.text, which has a deceivingly safe look to it.
What to do?
Microsoft’s advisory states that it has “not identified any mitigating factors [or] workarounds for [these vulnerabilities]”.
So you know what we’re going to say, so we’ll say it quickly: Patch early, patch often.
And if you are an Autodesk customer, don’t forget to check for updates to affected Autodesk products.
The Autodesk list includes various verisons of: the FBX Software Development Kit (which is presumably how these bugs ended up in Office), Maya, Motion Builder, Mudbox, 3ds Max, Fusion, Revit, Flame, Infraworks, Navisworks and Autodesk AutoCAD.
One more thing
While you’re about it – because you can! – we recommend telling Windows not to suppress file extensions.
You might not yet know that files ending
But there’s a irony that once you do know what
.JS files are, Windows doesn’t make it easy for you to use that knowledge to protect yourself.
file explorer in the search bar and launch the Windows File Explorer app; go to the View menu and check the box labelled File Name Extensions.